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Scientific name: Piper nigrum
Oil origin: Berries
Extraction: Steam distillation
Aroma: Spicy, warm, woody
Odor strength: Medium
Evaporation: Medium note
Black pepper is autochthonous to Southern India where it is still extensively grown. Black pepper essential oil is steeped in Ayurvedic tradition and has been used throughout the ages as a remedy for an assortment of ailments. In Asia, black pepper is thought to be detoxifying and anti-aging. According to a study by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the inhalation of Black Pepper reduces the symptoms of withdrawal for smokers.
Black pepper oil has warming properties which assist the circulatory system by stimulating blood flow and delivering vital nutrients to the applied area. It is also considered a digestive tonic as it stimulates enzymes beneficial for digestion. Black pepper essential oil has analgesic properties which promote relaxation and decrease pain from muscle soreness and stiff joints. It is particularly suited for those suffering from arthritis and rheumatism. The sharp scent is considered a stimulant which helps to surmount both mental and physical fatigue. It is also thought to be an aphrodisiac.
Black pepper essential oil is wonderful to incorporate in cosmetic applications, personal care formulations, soaps, and aromatherapy.
The above statements have not been evaluated by the FDA
This information is for educational purposes only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose any disease or condition. Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way. This information is for educational purposes only and may not be complete, nor may its data be accurate.
Safety precautions: Extremely potent use with care. Consult a professional reference for correct dilution ratios prior to application.
Avoid in pregnancy and lactation. Keep away from eye area. Keep out of reach of children.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
"Topical application of black pepper is a viable and effective way to enhance vein visibility and palpability prior to intravenous insertion in patients with limited vein accessibility; it also improves ease of IVC insertion."
Complete Scientific Study Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23153036
"Subjects puffed and inhaled ad libitum from the device throughout the session during which no smoking was allowed. Reported craving for cigarettes was significantly reduced in the pepper condition relative to each of the two control conditions. In addition, negative affect and somatic symptoms of anxiety were alleviated in the pepper condition relative to the unflavored placebo. The intensity of sensations in the chest was also significantly higher for the pepper condition. These results support the view that respiratory tract sensations are important in alleviating smoking withdrawal symptoms. Cigarette substitutes delivering pepper constituents may prove useful in smoking cessation treatment."
Complete Scientific Study Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8033760
"Both black pepper and angelica reduced the level of nicotine craving and allowed a longer delay before next use of tobacco. However, black pepper reduced the level of craving more than did angelica, and angelica allowed for a longer delay than did black pepper."
Complete Scientific Study Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23536963
|Uses||Pain / Inflammation, Relaxation, Antibacterial / Antiviral, Allergies, Digestion|